Twelve active volcanoes of Russia
The furthest east part of Russia is full of volcanoes. Among them there is the biggest active volcano of Euro Asia.
One of the biggest active volcanoes on Euro Asian continent is Klyuchevskaya volcano. It is4850 mtall, and old approximately 7 thousand years. In last 270 years it was over 50 strong eruptions. During the eruption 2004-2005 the pole of ash reached the height of8000 m. Last eruption was in year 2009. Klyuchevskaya volcano attracts big number of mountaineers and tourists, but it took the biggest number of victims comparing to other volcanoes ofKamchatka. Koryak volcano is3456 mhigh. On the top of volcano there is35 kmfrom Petropavlovskaya Kamchatka, capital ofKamchatkaarea and is the part of town panoramic. This volcano was in year 1996 put in the list of 16 volcanoes (eng. Decade Volcanoes) which should be, according to the opinion of special committee of UN (International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior), specially examined due to their active development and the closeness of inhabited areas. At the end of December 2008 Koryak volcano erupted the pole of steam and gas which was able to be seen on the pictures from the space. Last eruption was registered in 2009.
Avacha volcano is 2741 mhigh, and the diameter of crater is 400 m. It is one of the most visited volcanoes of Kamchatka, because it is the most accessible from all, relatively easy to overcome and it close to Petropavlovskaya Kamchatka-capital of Kamchatkaarea. To the top of volcano is the path and to reach the top is needed from 6 to 8 hours. In summer periods is not needed special preparation or mountaineers equipment. Last eruption was recorded on 5th October 2001.
Volcano Tatja in Sahalinsk area is1819 mtall, and it is on the island Kunashir in Great kurilsk archipelago. It is possible to se quite often that the crater of the volcano smokes and that the side holes emits the poisonous gases. This is one of the reasons of weak inhabitation of north east part of island Kunashir, where Tjatja is. On the language of nation Ain, authentic citizens of island, the volcano is called “the father of mountain”. Japanese call it Tjatja-Jama, from where the name Tjatja comes from- “father”. Tjatja is one of the symbols of island Kunashir. Local people think that it is the most beautiful volcano in the world. Its picture, which is often seen here in this region, is unofficial symbol of Kurilskaya islands. Tjatja is one of the most active volcanoes on Kurilskaya islands. Last eruption of this volcano was recorded in year 1981.
Karim’s sopka, volcano inKamchatkaarea had over 20 eruptions many of which lasted for more years. Eruption which started in 1996 lasted for more than five years. This was specific for the fact that at the same time started the underground eruption of Karin’s lake, which is6 kmfrom volcano. Eruption lasted for 18-20 hours and during that time more than 100 under river explosions happened which caused many tsunamis high up to15 m.
The lake literally boiled: the temperature rose suddenly and the amount of the salt and acid reached the concentration that big that all lake plants and animals died. Last eruption of this volcano was recorded in 2010. This volcano is1536 mhigh.
Volcano Županovskaya is70 kmfar from Petropavloskaya Kamchatka. The height is 2958m. Volcano Županovskaya started to form 50 thousand years ago, and today is mountain massive in the shape of the rock, made of four joined cones and covered by icebergs and eternal snow. West cone is2500 mhigh and it has the crater of diameter around500 m. Eruption in year 1957 lasted for 4 months. Last eruption was recorded in 1959.
One of the biggest volcanoes ofSouth Kamchatkais Mutnovskaya, of complex structure and old history. It is 2323m high. The size of crater is1,5 km. Close to volcano there is Mutnovskaya geo thermal power house. Russian paratrooper Valerij Rozov jumped in April 2008 with the parachute in the crater of Mutnovskaya volcano.
During historical period, the volcano activated at least 16 times. The strongest eruption was recorded in year 1848, and in 2000 was the last eruption and after it on the that place the lake was formed which is forever covered in snow, even in the summer.
The most north and the tallest volcano of Kurilskaya islands is Alaid. It is2339 mtall. It is onislandofAtlas. Whole island is in fact the part of volcano cone which rise from the water. This volcano is specific for its huge number (over 30) of sidewall cones, which are in the small groups divided at the foot of volcano and on its falls. Together with under water volcano Grigorjev it represents one of volcano massives. Volcano Alaid wakes up every 30-40 years. Last eruption was in April 1996.
Volcano “Academy of science” is1180 mtall. It got the name from famous volcanologist Vladimir Vlodavec in 1939. On the north side of volcano there is Karim’s lake, whose depth is around70 m, and the diameter is around3,5 km. The lake is very picturesque, surrounded by high hills, and on the south side above it there is the smoke of Karim’s volcano. On the opposite side of the lake there is mountain chain “Academy of science” whose tops point out in the shape of dome, so the shapes remind of the bats which spread its wings. Last eruption of the volcano was recorded in year 1996.
Volcano No name is 2882 mtall, with the dimensions of crater of 2,8 km. The volcano got its name after famous eruption on 30th March 1956. This new type of eruption soviet scintists called “focused explosion” or “type no name”. Later on this name was used in world’s volcanology as “directed blast” or “type Bezymianny”. Eruption in 1956 started with the ejection of huge amounts of ashes in the height of7 km, after which the huge explosion hit surroundings, and giant cloud of ashes went up on the height of35 km. The top of the volcano was destroyed, and on its place the crater was formed of1,5 km, while the height of the volcano was decreased on250 m. It is considered that the eruption in 1956 was one of the biggest eruptions on the Earth in historical period. Explosions threw down or burned the trees and destroyed the bushes on the distance of25 km. The thick layer of ashes, sand and stones covered the area of 500 square km, totally destroyed the plant life in that area. Last eruption was recorded in year 2009.
Saričeva volcano in Sahalin area is on the island Matu in Great Kurilsk archipelago . “Matu” on the language of nation Ain means “Small hot bay”. It got the name from captain Ivan Kruzenštern in year1805 inan honour of admiral Gavril Andrejevič Saričeva (1763-1831). Saričev was the sailor, explorer of polar parts, geographer, hydrographer, honoured member ofPetersburg’s academy. He recorded East Siberian, Chukchi and Bering sea, Kurilsk and Aleutskaya islands,Alaska. Kruzenštern gave the name to its top Saričeva during Biling’s expedition (1785-1793), was the first who very precisely determined the place of island where the top is. On Top Saričeva there is the most active volcano: it smokes all the time and occasionally it eject the lava , which roles on the north east fall of volcano. Last eruption was recorded in year 2009. This volcano is1496 mtall.
Volcano Šiveluč is3283 mtall. It is the volcano situated most north and the one of the biggest. The diameter of its base is 40×50 km.
One of the last bigger eruptions was on 12th November 1964.Then the volcano ejected the ash pole on the height of15 km, and the mud and volcano stones rolled20 km. Last eruption of this volcano was in April 2012.
If you would like to see some of these magnificent volcanoes you can contact agency Atlantis Travel.
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