В Москву, в Москву!*
It is difficult to compare Moscow to other world capitals.The biggest capital is the combination of traditional Russia, Soviet time and modern flows in all segments of life and culture.Its traces weren’t left only by history and art of different times, but also 120 ethnic groups and nationalities settled in that fairy tale town.One of important characteristics of Russian capital is concentration of many sights on small area.If you start going to city tour, it is the best to start near Kremlin.By not passing long distance you will be able to see big number of sacral and other buildings, monuments,museums and other cultural rich.On what to pay more attention, what to see, what to know what you mustn’t miss, you will be told by our pleasant guides and escorts who can hardly wait to introduce famous Moscow to you! Contact agency Atlantis Travel at any time and choose your ideal trip to Moscow or other Moscow’s towns among already offered tours and you can simply create individual trip totally adjusted to your wishes.
MOSCOW IN NUMBERS
Population in Moscow
11 612 943 (year 2012)
5th town in size in Europe
Telephone call number
in July 19,2 °C,in January -10°C, average annual around 6°C
January -10 | February -9 | March -4 | April +4 | May +12 | June +19 | July +24 | August +20 | September +13 | October +6 | November -2 | December-8 °C
88 houses of culture
*A quote from Chekhov’s play Three Sisters: To Moscow, to Moscow.
Airports in Moscow
In Moscow there are 5 airports: Sheremetyevo I, Sheremetyevo II, Bykovo,Vnukovo and Domodedevo. You can check tickets for flights or make reservations on our site http://www.e-aviokarte.hr/?tid=733.
Airport Sheremetyevo 2 was built in year 1980. It is about 30 km from town centre, and the best way to get there is by mini bus taxi so called maršrutka, to the closest metro station Rechnoy Vokzal. Ordinary taxi will probably cost you more than it worths so it is better to avoid persistent taxi drivers.
Phone: (+7495) 578-9101, 956-4666, http://www.svo.aero/
Airport Sheremetyevo 1 was opened in year 1964. This airport is mainly for domestic flights and it is a base of national airport company Aeroflota. It is not far from Sheremetyevo 2 so the same advice apply for transport to town centre or further.
Phone: (+7495) 578-9101, 232-6565, http://www.svo.aero/
Bykovo is the smallest Moscow airport 36 km from town centre. The advantage is that the train goes from it to Kazan railway station so you have opportunity relatively cheap and fast to get to town centre.
Phone: (+7495) 558-4040, http://www.bykovo-sky.ru/
International airport Vnukovo is 27 km from centre of Moscow. It is connected to station Yugo-Zapadnaya which helps to get to centre easier. It is useful to know that Vnukovo belongs to category ICAO II which means that it can faultlessly function even during bad weather conditions. Railway line leads to Kiev railway station in centre of Moscow. The trip lasts for 30 minutes.
Phone: (+7495) 436-2813, http://www.vnukovo.ru/eng/index.wbp
Domodedovo is the furthest airport from centre, but it is newer than others and nicely arranged. Marshrutka drives to underground station Domodedovskaya, and you can also travel by train to station Paveletsky.It is fast speed train which drives every 2 hours, the trip lasts for about 45 minutes, and the ticket is less than 2 USD.
Phone: (+7495) 933-6666, http://www.domodedovo.ru/
What transportation is good in Moscow
When you take map of metro and Moscow in your hands for the first time, you will probably feel little bit confused, but there is not reason to worry. Once you realize the advantages of this transportation in Moscow ,you will save time and money. Traveling by underground is cheap and fast and some stations are real small archeological miracles. Metro is opened from 6am to 1am.The trains in average drive every 3 minutes. It is good to have the map in Cyrilic and Latin alphabet since all names are written in Cyrilic. Monthly ticket for metro is valid for bus and trams and it is around 40 USD (price changes are possible), and one entrance to metro is around 1 USD. The ticket can be bought on ticket boxes or automatic machines placed on the entrance to every station, before you take mobile stairs. It is the best to take ticket for few drives or entrances to metro. One ticket can be used for any destination and any drive all the time while you are inside the underground complex. All information on Moscow metro you can find on page http://www.metro.ru/ or here: http://news.metro.ru/useeng.html, and the map which is needed you can find on http://store.artlebedev.ru/metro-maps/. The only disadvantage of travelling in underground is that you can not visit town along. If you don’t want to miss that, you can travel by bus, trolley bus, tram or marshrutka. Ticket for bus, trolley bus and tram is the best to buy in advance on stations or stalls. The price for one ticket which is valid for one drive is around 60 cents. If you buy ticket in a vehicle,the price will be little bit higher. All ways of public transport are at your service from 5:30 till 00:30, but some lines close even earlier or start later or earlier.
Except quite expensive taxi, you can try cheaper, unofficial taxies Lada type driven by locals in search for extra profit. Official taxies are yellow colour and have sign “T” on, taximeter and official price list. Green light is the sign that the taxi is free. The drivers in Moscow don’t expect the tip. Marshrutka is something like mini car bus or really a van. Usually they stay on entrances to metro or on bus stations. You can stop them by waving your hand. The drive is more expensive than in regular bus, and they drive from 8 am to 10 pm. If you are brave, you can stop private cars which transfer you in Moscow for smaller amounts. This is quite usual in Moscow and prices are different, depending on your negotiation abilities and good will of the driver. If you go by personal car, go on time because Moscow’s rushes are not a myth. If you, on the other hand, have free time and will, walk – there is not better way to meet the town.
Travelling by train in Russia is something which you shouldn’t miss. It is not the most comfortable but it is important part of Russian culture. The stations are connected with underground railway so you can go to them easily:
Belorussky railway station – Tverskaya Zastava Square. 7, phone : +7495 251-6093, 973-8191, M: Belorusskaya
Kazansky railway station– Komsomolskaya Square, 2, phone: +7495 264-6556, M: Komsomolskaya
Kiyevsky railway station– Kiyevsky station square, phone: +7495 240-1115, 240-0415, M: Kiyevskaya
Kursky railway station– Zemlanoy val street, 29, phone: +7495 916-2003, 917-3152, M: Kurskaya
Leningradsky railway station– Komsomolskaya Square, 3, phone: +7495 262-9143, M: Komsomolskaya
Paveletsky railway station– Paveletskaya Square, 1, phone: +7495 522/ 6807/ 1920/ 4109, M: Paveletskaya
Rizhsky railway station– Rizhskaya Square, 79/3, phone: +7495 971-1588, M: Rizhskaya
Savyolovsky railway station – Savyolovsky station square, phone: +7495285-9005, M: Savyolovskaya
Yaroslavsky railway station – Komsomolskaya Squaere, 5, phone: +7495 921-5914/ 0817, 262-9271, M: Komsomolskaya
Detailed information about railway traffic: http://eng.rzd.ru/.
Important telephone numbers
01 – Fire brigade
02 – Police
03 – Emergency ambulance service
Service for emergency cases : +7 495 937-99-11
If you lost documents: +7 495 200-9957
If you lost things in underground railway: +7 495 222-20-85
If you lost things in other vehicles of public transprt: + 7 495 298-3241
If you lost credit cards American Express : +7 495 755-9001, Visa, MasterCard, and others: +7 495 956-3556
American medical centre
Grokholsky pereulok, 1
Phone: 00 7 95 933 7700
European medical centre Spiridonievsky
Spiridonievsky pereulok, bld.1, 5
Phone: 00 7 495 933-66-55. 00 7 495 933-66-45 – emergencies
European medical centre Orlovsky
Orlovsky pereulok, 7
Phone: 00 7 495 933-66-55
Fax:00 7 495 933-66-59
European dental centre
1st Nikoloshepovsky pereulok, 6, bld.1
Phone: 00 7 495 933-00-02
Fax: 00 7 495 241-81-08
International SOS clinic (IMC)
Grokholski pereulok, 31
Phone: 00 7 495 937-5760, fax 00 7 495 280-8677
If you need medicine, and we hope you will not need it, you can find pharmacy easily. The bigger problem is that in Russia there are not many medicines that can be given without prescription. Some pharmacies in Moscow work 24 hours a day so we bring you few addresses where to find them: Tverskaya street, 25 (Majakovskaya); Zemlianoy val, 25 (metro Kurskaya); New Arbat, 15 (metro Arbatskaya or Smolenskaya).
Calls and Internet communication in Moscow
To make a phone call inside Russia,it is needed to dial 8,then 7 and prefix for town (495 for Moscow) and number of person/institution you want to call. If you call from Moscow to number in Moscow,prefixes are not needed ,except if you call from mobile phone from your country – in that case you always need to dial prefix for country you call, then town and the rest of number. For calls outside Russia you need to dial 8, then 10 then prefix of country, town and person/institution you want to call.
The capital of 21st century offers you many cafes with possibility to connect to Internet. Bring laptop and enjoy in coffee and conversation with other persons or business partners. Here are few cafes where you can connect to Internet:
Pyatnizkaya street, 25/1; tel.: (+7495) 950-050; M: Novokuznezkaya, Tretyakovskaya
Teatralny proezd, 5; tel.: (+7495) 781-0923; M: Teatralnaya
Pavalazkaya ploshad, 2/1; tel.: (+7495) 292-0111; M: Pavalezkaya
Prospekt Mira, 47, 1; tel.: (+7495) 600-63 83; M: Prospekt Mira
Lavrushensky pereulok, 17/5 k.2; tel.: (+7495) 953-0111; M: Tretyakovskaya
Exchange offices in Moscow
It is not hard to find exchange office in Moscow, not even those which work 24 hours a day or the one which are on duty at night. It is preferable to have coins in good condition because sometimes the one that are damaged will not be accepted. The major number will ask for your passport or copy of passport. Amount limitation does not exist.Better exchange rate you can get if you change more than 5000 USD,but at previous notification.
Shops with ingredients and similar most often work from 8 am to 8 pm,but in Moscow it is not hard to find the shop which is opened 24 hours. Shopping centres , bigger shops and supermarkets are mostly opened from 7 am or 8 am till 10 pm.They mainly work all 7 days in the week. Banks usually work from 9 am till 5 pm from Monday till Friday. Big banks, such as Sberbank, work on Saturdays also from 10 am till 6 pm the latest. Museums are mostly closed on Monday, and we advise you to check working time for weekends for each museum.
Days off (holidays ) in Russia:
- 1st and 2nd January (New Year)
- 7th January (Christmas)
- 13th February (New Year according to Gregorian calendar)
- 23rd February (Motherland defenders day)
- 8th March (Women’s day)
- 1st May (Labour day)
- 9th May (Victory day)
- 12th June (Independence day)
- 4th November (Solidarity and reconciliation day)
- 12th December (Constitution day)
Embassies in Moscow
Russian capital Moscow offers many cultural and natural sights.If you want to feel the spirit of East, old times or modern West- in Moscow everything is possible.If you want to make reservations for trip to Moscow, agency Atlantis Travel will gladly offer tour, excursions and plane tickets and everything you want to see in Russian capital.
Tretyakov gallery (National gallery „Pavel Tretyakov“) is one of the biggest museums in the world and unavoidable treasury of Russian art. There are works of Russian art made in period from 11th century till today kept there.
It got the name from its founder-Pavel Tretyakov, Moscow’s merchant who bought many works of Russian artists in order to create national museum’s treasury. He persisted in his ideas for more than 30 years and opened the gallery in year 1892 in his house in Lavrushynky pereulka. Today Tretyakov gallery consists of more than 170 000 exhibited pieces .If you decide to visit Tretyakov gallery, you must know that it doesn’t work on Monday, like majority of museums.
The prices of tickets and other information you can find on official page of Tretyakov gallery: http://www.tretyakovgallery.ru/.
Street Stary Arbat is the most famous walking area in Moscow and one of the oldest Moscow’s streets,1 km long. On Arbat there are many sights, monuments and old buildings (in a difference to New Arbat, the streets where glass and steel skyscrapers of modern time are lined). Many artists perform or exhibit their works daily along the street. There are many restaurants, cafes and other serving shops. Most of them are primary intended for tourists, while locals consider them over priced or less quality then other places in Moscow.
Red square is one of the most famous squares in the world .Since 15th century it is the centre of Russian history, place where for centuries many different ceremonies, shows, concerts, fares, protests were held, and once it was the place of public executions. Russian adjective Krasnyj today means red, but in previous time it meant beautiful, gorgeous .Every building on Red square keeps special part of history. It is unavoidable to visit Lenin’s mausoleum where embalmed body of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is exposed ,the founder of Soviet Union. In front of mausoleum there is Saint Basil’s cathedral which with its 11 multi coloured towers reminds of building from the fairytale. On the east side there is department store GUM where you can find the most expensive designer’s pieces. Next to it, there is Kazan cathedral. On the north side there is National history museum. And, at the end, it is Kremlin-the symbol of Russia.
SAINT BASIL’S CHURCH
Saint Basil’s church (Pokrovskaya cathedral or Intercession of the Virgin Cathedral) is situated on Red square ,and its colourful cupolas are unforgettable picture and frequent motive of Moscow’s postcards. Ivan the Terrible ordered its building in 16th century as a monument to conquest of Kazan. It was built in unique style which is typical combination of Russian architecture and west European renaissance architecture. It really consists of 9 churches-8 churches surround the main one. According to the legend ,Ivan the Terrible gave the architect get blind so that he would never be able to build the church similar to Saint basil’s church. Today the church is transformed into the museum and it is on UNESCO’s list of world heritage.
More further information about Saint Basil’s church on: http://www.saintbasil.ru/
Lenin’s mausoleum is on Red square . Enbalmed body of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is exposed in mausoleum since 1924 with occasional stops during the war. If you decide to visit mausoleum ,be prepared to wait in a line because many people want to see Lenin’s body even today. It is necessary to point out that taking photos and recording is strictly forbidden, and all electronic devices that you have with you will be checked before entrance. It is also forbidden to have you hands in pockets, talk or wear a hat. Mausoleum itself represents masterpiece of architecture for which the architect A.V.Shusev is creditable.
More details about Lenin’s mausoleum on: http://lenin.ru/mas_e.htm, http://www.aha.ru/~mausoleu/index_e.htm
Moscow’s Kremlin is spiritual-religious, social-political and historical-artistic centre of Moscow. Russian emperors, patriarchs, communists lived there, and today it is a centre of Russian Federation government. Inside the walls of Kremlin there are beautiful examples of Russian architecture: churches from 15th century where Russian emperors were crowned, married and buried ,4 palaces and former Armoury which is today the museum of Russian national signage and diamonds .Tsar bell is here – the bell 216 tones heavy and 6,14 m high and Tsar-cannon with the biggest calibre in the world:890 mm and 38 tones heavy. Everybody needs to visit Diamond treasury where many beautiful examples of precious metal, precious stones and jewellery of historical and art importance are exposed.Maybe you didn’t know that Kremlin is the biggest preserved fortress in Europe or that the price of Kremlin as an estate is 50 billion American dollars (it was considered cultural-social value as well).
Details about Kremlin you can find on official page: http://www.kreml.ru/.
Inside the Kremlin walls Kremlin armoury is specially interesting where many imperial values are kept: jewelry, crowns, thrones, costumes, gold and silver things, Faberge eggs, old and modern European Russian weapon and so on. The collection of decorative art is exceptional which mirrors the customs and former ways of life of Russian peasants.
More about Kremlin Armoury on: http://www.kreml.ru/en/museums/armoury/
CHRIST THE SAVIOUR CATHEDRAL
Christ the Saviour Cathedral is one of the most famous symbols of Moscow.It is 105 m high and the tallest Orthodox church in the world and one of the biggest (10 000 persons can get in).Primary temple was set up in an honour of victory of Russian nation against Napoleon.On the temple walls the names of Russian army officers were written,who died in the war against Napoleon’s army.The church was built for 44 years in Russian-Byzantine style,but that bulding from 19th century was ruined by communist rule in year 1931.On its place the pools complex was built.From year 1990 till 2000, the building of church lasted according to old photos and drawings.
Detailed information on: http://www.xxc.ru/.
THE PUSHKIN STATE MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS
The Pushkin state museum of fine arts, situated across Christ the Saviour Cathedral,is the richest Russian museum right after Peterburg’s Hermitage.It consists of 3 buildings:main building,building with private collections and building where the works of European and American art of 19th and 20th century are exposed.Museum A.S.Pushkin has the collections which represent section of world civilisation: works of Antic,medieval,renaissance and western art from 17th to 20th century,and it is one of the best world collections of French impressionist works. Occasionally exhibitions from other countries are set up in museum.
All information about The Pushkin state museum of fine arts you can find on museum official page: http://www.arts-museum.ru/.
Bolshoi theatre or in translation Big theatre is famous Moscow’s theatre which enriches cultural life in Russia since 18th century (28th March 1776).It was established by duke Peter Ursov after the empress Catherine the Great gave it its “privilege”.According to some information, there are more than 900 actors,dancers,singers and so on working there .Ballet ensemble Bolshoi theatre is one of the most recognized in the world, and in the theatre, Ballet academy was established which educates top world ballet dancers.Main building Bolshoi theatre was closed from year 2005 till 2011.6 years of restoration cost Russia 700 million American dollars and it is considered the most thorough theatre reconstruction in history.
More detail about theqatre,show times table and so on you can check on official page of Bolshoi theatre: http://www.bolshoi.ru/
Novodevitchy convent or Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery is one of the most famous monasteries in Russia.It was established by Russian great duke Vasilij III in 16th century.It was called “Novodevichy” in order to be recognized from Old devichy convent (Annunciation monastery).In the beginning it was used as a monastery for noble girls.It is interesting that it was closed in mid 30’s and converted into Museum of emancipated women, and in year 1926 it became Museum of history and art.Inside the complex there is a big graveyard,churches and distinctive towers and specilly the Bogoroditse-Smolensky Cathedral and Christ’s ascension church.Many famous persons were buried in a graveyard of Novodevichy convent:Gogol,Chekov,Stanislavski,Shostakovich,Stalin,Khrushchev,Yeltsin…Novodevichy convent was,in year 2004, as a present for 480th birthday, entered into UNESCO’s list of world heritage in Europe.
More about Novodevichy convent you can find out on page: http://hramy.ru/of_novdev.htm,http://ortho-rus.ru/cgi-bin/or_file.cgi?5_219
MUSEUM-PANORAMA „BORODIN BATTLE“
Museum-panorama „Borodin battle“ is a big part of history memorial as a remembrance on a victory against Napoleon army in year 1812 which includes triumphal arch raised in year 1827 and army museum with statues and army equipment.Panorama “Borodin battle” consists of painted canvas placed in a circle,battle plan and special light which leaves the expression as if the characters are moving.The length of painting “Borodino” placed in the circle is 115 m, and height 15 m. The author showed the peak of the battle when both armies battled on life and death. All that is accompanied by sound effects which imitate battle elements and parts of overture of Tchaikovsky “Year 1812”.Even it was primary imagined as a museum of one exhibit-the canvases where the battle was painted ,during the time the big collection of paintings, graphics, subjects and weapons from the battle was collected. Museum today has valuable exposition which represents basic events from Russian-French war from year 1812.
More about museum on: http://www.1812panorama.ru/
Sparrow’s hills or Lenin’s hills how the place used to be called from 1935 till 1991,the hill is on the right coast of river Moscow and one of the highest peaks in Moscow and it is because of that famous lookout.From Sparrow’s hills you will see stadium Luzhniki,river Moscow,Luzhniki metro bridge,Russian science academy and other Moscow’s buildings.Today Sparrow’s hills are popular excursion site of local and foreign tourists and place from where you just have to take photo of powerful Moscow.
More details on: http://www.vorobyovy-gory.ru/
MOSCOW’S NATIONAL UNIVERSITY (MGU)
Moscow’s national university M.V.Lomonosov (Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj universitet named M. V. Lomonosovat) is situated on Sparrow’s hills. It is the biggest and oldest university in Russia. Main building of University is 240 m high and it is an example of Stalin’s architecture-building with elaborated exteriors and big centred tower. According to some information, there are over 30 000 regular and 7000 post graduated students who attend University and have at their disposal 29 universities and 450 university departments.
Details about Moscow’s university (MGU) on: http://www.msu.ru/en/.
Kolomenskoye is former imperial estate in south east part of Moscow.The village of the same name was founded in year 1273,but the archaeological traces of pre Slavic civilisation older than 2500 years are found. Excellently preserved buildings in total will evoke and transfer the spirit of old Russia. Among the examples of top architecture definitely stands out the church of Ascension of our Lord entered on UNESCO’s list of world heritage.The church was built in 16th century regarding the birth of Russian emperor Ivan the Terrible.In the park there are many remains of settlements since stone age and reconstructed emperor chambers from 17th century. The church of Kazan Virgin, where miraculous icon is kept, should not be passed by,church of Execution of John the Baptist built regarding the coronation of Ivan the Teribble,Catherine the Great castle, wooden house of Peter the Great and many other great sights.
Information on working time table and other details you can check on: http://www.kolomenskoe-park.ru/
Kuskovo is former estate of Sheremetyevo family- one of the most powerful families in Russia of that time. It was built in the middle of 18th century in early classicist style. Primary that noble summer residence was designated in order to have different events and festives.Around 20 luxury architectural monuments and beautiful park arranged in French style with marble sculptures,lakes and pavilions remind many on French Versailles.In 19th century the estate got the status of museum, and in year 1938 it was joined to the unique Museum of ceramics in Russia. Today one of the biggest collections of glass and ceramics subjects from different countries is kept there and every year many different events are held as a roll model of former noble celebrations, concerts, classical music, exhibitions and so on.
More information about estate Kuskovo on: http://kuskovo.ru/
Museum and park Tsaritsyno was formed in Moscow’s settlement of the same name in year 1984.The estate used to belong to empress Irina,emperor’s Boris Godunov sister and it was called Bogorodskoe.In year 1775 empress Catherine the Great bought the estate and since than it was called Tsaritsyno, which means “empress’s”.Architects Bazenov and Kazakov made plans for summer residence according to Catherine’s order,but the part of building was finished much later on.The collections that are exhibited on the estate consists of around 30 000 exhibits.There are master pieces of Russian and west European art from 18th century to beginning of 20th century,Russian and middle Asian art,work of art made of glass and ceramics,furniture,paintings and rich archaeological collection.
More about estate Tsaritsyno on: http://www.parktsaricino.ru/